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Bosnia and Herzegovina Celebrates Statehood Day

 Statehood Day is a public holiday in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Statehood Day: November 25, 2009

Statehood Day is a public holiday in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Statehood Day is celebrated on November 25 in the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina, commemorating the day in 1943 that Bosnia and Herzegovina was re-established by the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia.

History of Statehood Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina

During the Axis occupation of World War II, Yugoslavia was divided between Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, and Hungary. This division created the Independent State of Croatia, the Independent State of Montenegro, the Albanian Kingdom, and Nedic Serbia. The opposition to this occupation and division was mainly led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, which found support from all sides of the country, representing then a single Yugoslavian identity.

In November 1942, the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia was called into session by Josip Broz Tito. In January 1943, Germany attempted to destroy the central command and primary hospital of the partisan movement. Despite the loss in lives and material, the central command remained intact, and the hospital was kept safe.

Between November 21 and November 29 in 1943, a second conference was held in the Bosnian town of Jajce. A decision was made to create a federal Yugoslavia based on the right of self-determination of nation in which the southern Slavic people—Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, and Macedonians—would live in six constituent republics with equal rights. This marked the historical beginning and foundation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Statehood Day Traditions, Customs and Activities

Even though Statehood Day is a nationwide public holiday in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the celebrations are only held in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; the Republika Srpska prefers to observe the holiday on November 21.

The country has been shattered and living with painful memories since 1992, a time when the ultra-nationalist Bosnian Serbs started a civil war between Muslim Slavs, Orthodox Serbs, and Catholic Croats. The Dayton Accord brought peace to the region, but the country is controlled by a president and two co-presidents, making it difficult to agree on a certain day of celebration for the country’s National Day. Despite politics, Statehood Day is still celebrated on November 25 as a sort of National Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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