Eid Tahrir Sinai: April 25
Eid Tahrir Sinai is a public holiday in Egypt.
Egypt’s Eid Tahrir Sinai or Sinai Liberation Day is a public holiday in Egypt celebrated every 25th of April yearly. The holiday commemorates the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Sinai as stipulated in the 1979 Israel- Egypt Peace Accords.
The holiday also commemorates the life of Anwar Sadat, the hero of the liberation of Sinai.
History of Egypt’s Eid Tahrir Sinai
Sinai has been a battle ground for many incoming military forces namely, the Ottoman, and British empires, and later the Israelis which invaded the area twice in 1956 (Suez War) and 1967 (Six Day War). Sinai also was the battlefront in the 1973 October War between Egypt and Israel.
Egypt initially lost Sinai during the three wars it fought against Israel. Egypt’s President Anwar Sadat was instrumental in regaining Sinai when the two countries signed the Israel and Egypt peace treaty in 1979. It was signed in Washington DC in the US on March 26, 1979. This made Egypt officially recognize Israel as a country amidst criticisms and threat of military attack from member countries of the Arab League some including countries in Europe such as Hungary, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Albania.
Sadat made intense negotiations to totally bring peace in the region and stop Egypt-Israel infighting in Sinai. He was awared Nobel Peace Prize together with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in the signing of Camp David Accords and the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty.
Egypt’s Eid Tahrir Sinai: Traditions, Customs and Activities
Sinai’s Liberation Day, although a national holiday, is only celebrated in Sinai. A national parade is organized every year during the holiday commemorating the pulling out of Israel’s troops from Sinai’s soil. Government offices in Sinai are closed including schools during the holiday.