Pakistan Day of Pakistan: March 23
Pakistan Day is a public holiday in Pakistan.
Pakistan, from Urdu meaning ‘the Land of the Pure’, celebrates Pakistan Day (locally known as Yom-e-Pakistan) to commemorate the celebration of Pakistan Resolution which took place on March 23, 1940 in Lahore. Pakistan Day marks the demand for the creation of a Muslim state in India.
History of Pakistan Day
The creation of a separate Muslim state has long been wanted by Muslim minority in India before the 1940s. The ensuing resolution was fueled after the end of World War II and the defeat of the Muslim League in the general election which took place in India in 1937.
The All India Muslim League conducts yearly sessions in Lahore to talk about the plans for the future of all Muslims in India. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, a member of the league pointed out the vivid differences in terms of cultural and historical background of the two regions which they use as basis to the creation of an independent Muslim state. The negotiations that followed culminated the presentation of resolution to a higher level by A. K. Fazl-ul-Haq, the Chief Minister of Bengal during that time. A. K. Fazl-ul-Haq worked his way out to the institution of the said resolution. It reads,
“No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign”.
“That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in the units and in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights of the minorities, with their consultation. Arrangements thus should be made for the security of Muslims where they were in a minority”
The above resolution was passed in March 24, 1940 leading to the creation of an independent and united Muslim India known as Pakistan Resolution instead of forming allegiance to India whose population is dominated by Hindus.
Minar-e-Pakistan, a distinctive building illuminated during the celebration of Pakistan Day, was built in Iqbal Park Lahore to commemorate this event. This is the same place where the resolution was passed.
Pakistan Day: Traditions, Customs and Activities
Pakistan Day is celebrated with various events both in private and public offices. During this day, schools hold various events which particularly focus on spreading knowledge about this important resolution in Pakistan including the various cultural aspect of Pakistan that separates it completely from other nation. Keynote speakers deliver speeches about the role of ordinary Pakistan citizens in maintaining peace and order and supporting the economic progress of the country.
The government also holds military parade including the famous Pakistan Air Force planes acrobat demonstration in Islamabad to showcase Pakistan’s latest military weaponry.