Country Description: Nauru is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary system of government. Its economy is based on the export of phosphates. Tourist facilities are available on a limited basis, and Yaren, the capital, has an international airport.

Passport and/or Visa Requirements: For information about entry requirements travelers, particularly those planning to enter by sailing vessel, may wish to contact the Air Nauru Office in Guam. The telephone number is (671) 649-7106/7107 and the fax number is (671) 649-8302.

Medical Facilities: Health care facilities in the Republic of Nauru are adequate for routine medical problems. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payments for health services. The Medicare/Medicaid Program does not provide payment for medical services outside of the United States. U.S. medical insurance is not always valid outside the United States. Supplemental medical insurance which specifically covers treatment in Nauru and includes a provision for medical evacuation may prove useful. Travelers to Nauru may consult the international travelers hotline at the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, telephone: (404) 332-4559, for additional health information. Internet address:

Travel Warnings, Advisories and Areas of Instability: The crime rate in the Republic of Nauru is low. The loss or theft abroad of a U.S. passport should be reported immediately to the local police, and to the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. Useful information on guarding valuables and protecting personal security while traveling abroad is provided in the Department of State Pamphlet, "A Safe Trip Abroad." It is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.

Criminal Penalties: While in a foreign country, a U.S. citizen is subject to that country's laws and regulations, which sometimes differ significantly from those in the United States and do not afford the protections available to the individual under U.S. law. Penalties for breaking the law can be more severe than in the United States for similar offenses. Persons violating the law, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs are strict, and convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.

Aviation Oversight: As a result of an assessment conducted by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in June 1994, the FAA has found the government of Nauru's civil aviation authority to be in compliance with international aviation safety standards for oversight of Nauru air carrier operations. For further information, please contact the Department of Transportation at 1-800-322-7873.

Road Safety: Traffic moves on the left in Nauru. The main road circling the island is paved, but the remaining roads are unpaved. Animals and unwary pedestrians walking in the road make night driving on unlit secondary roads hazardous.

Registration/Embassy Location: There is no U.S. Embassy or diplomatic post in Nauru. Assistance for U.S. citizens is provided by the U.S. Embassy in Fiji located at 31 Loftus Street, Suva, Fiji; telephone: (679) 314-466; fax: (679) 300-081.

Americans are encouraged to register with the U.S. Embassy in Suva, Fiji and to obtain updated information on travel and security in Nauru from the U.S. Embassy.

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