Country Description: Sudan is a large under-developed country in northeastern Africa. Tourism facilities are minimal.

Passport and/or Visa Requirements: A passport and visa are required. Americans must pay an airport departure tax in U.S. dollars. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2210 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008. The telephone numbers are (202) 338-8565 to 8570. There is also a Sudanese Consulate General at 210 East 49th Street, New York, NY, 10017, telephone (212) 421-2680. Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Sudanese embassy or consulate.

Travel Warnings, Advisories and Areas of Instability: Travel in all parts of Sudan is considered potentially hazardous. Western interests in Khartoum have been the target several times in recent years of terrorist acts. Civil war persists in southern Sudan in the three provinces of Upper Nile, Bahr El Ghazal and Equatoria. Banditry and incursions by southern Sudanese rebels are common in western Sudan, particularly in Darfur Province along the Chadian and Libyan borders and in southern Kordofan Province.

Curfew Rules: The government of Sudan has ordered a curfew with rules that are strictly enforced. Persons who are outside during curfew hours without authorization are subject to arrest. Curfew hours change frequently. Hotel officials and local police can inform visitors of current curfew hours.

Registration with Local Police: Travelers are required to register with police headquarters within three days of arrival. Travelers must obtain police permission before moving to another location in Sudan and must register with police within 24 hours of arrival at the new location. These regulations are strictly enforced. Even with proper documentation, travelers in Sudan have been subjected to delays and detentions by Sudan's security forces, especially when traveling outside Khartoum. Authorities expect roadblocks to be respected.

Medical Facilities: Medical facilities in Sudan are extremely limited. Medicines often are not available. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services. U.S. medical insurance is not always valid outside the United States. The Medicare/Medicaid program does not provide for payment of medical services outside the United States. Travelers have found that supplemental medical insurance with specific overseas and medical evacuation coverage has proven to be useful. For additional health information, travelers can contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's international travelers hotline at (404) 332-4559. Internet:

Travel Warnings, Advisories and Areas of Instability: Petty crime and thievery is common. Travelers should exercise caution at the airport, in markets and at public gatherings. The loss or theft abroad of a U.S. passport should be reported immediately to local police and to the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. The pamphlets "A Safe Trip Abroad" and "Tips For Travelers to Sub-Saharan Africa" provide useful information on personal security while traveling abroad and on travel in the region in general. Both are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.

Currency Regulations: Visitors who exchange money at other than an authorized banking institution risk arrest and loss of funds through unscrupulous black marketeers.

Photography Restrictions: A permit must be obtained before taking photographs anywhere in Khartoum, as well as in the interior of the country. Photographing military areas, bridges, drainage stations, broadcast stations, public utilities and slum areas or beggars is prohibited.

Infrastructure: Disruptions of water and electricity are frequent. Telecommunications are slow and often impossible.

Domestic Travel Information: Unforeseen circumstances such as sandstorms and electrical outages may cause flight delays. The Khartoum Airport arrival and departure procedures are lengthy. Passengers usually allow three hours for pre-departure security and other processing at the airport. Road conditions are hazardous and driving habits are unpredictable.

Drug Penalties: U.S. citizens are subject to the laws of the country in which they are traveling. Penalties for possession, use or trafficking in illegal drugs are strict, and convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.

Embassy Location/Registration: U.S. citizens are encouraged to register with the U.S. Embassy in Khartoum at Sharia Ali Abdul Latif and obtain updated information on travel and security in Sudan. The mailing address is P.O. Box 699, Khartoum. Telephone numbers are (249-11) 774700 and 774611; the fax number is 774137. The American consular officer responsible for Sudan makes periodic visits from Cairo and can be contacted via the Consular Section in Khartoum or directly at the U.S. Embassy Cairo at (20-2) 355-7371, ext. 3438 or 3439. The fax number is 357-2472. The work week in Cairo and Khartoum is Sunday through Thursday.

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