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Country Description: Puerto Rico has commonwealth status under the United States of America's government. Under commonwealth status, the island pays no federal income tax and local taxes are used locally. Tourism is a major part of the economy.

Passport and/or Visa Requirements: No passports or visas are required for US citizens, but foreign nationals must have passports and pass through customs before entering. Vaccination certificates are necessary only if arriving from an infected area.

Travel Warnings, Advisories and Areas of Instability: Pickpocketing and purse-snatching do occur during peak tourist periods (such as summer and Christmas) and when major conferences, shows, or exhibits are scheduled.

Road travel hazards: Road safety standards are high.

Medical Facilities: Good medical care is widely available. U.S. medical insurance is not valid for foreign visitors. Information on specific health matters is available through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's hotline for international travelers at (404) 332-4559 or via the CDC home page on the Internet:http://www.cdc.gov.

Drug Penalties: Foreign visitors are subject to the laws of the United States. Penalties for possession, use, and dealing in illegal drugs are strict, and convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.

Consular Location: United States Consular Offices are found in most every major city around the world. Check your local government for telephone numbers and locations in your area.

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