World Countries Information

World Countries Information

In order to navigate the world when you travel, you need to have information. Each of our drop down menus will take you to individual country where you will find out requirements you need before you travel: entry requrements, road travel hazards, crime rate, medical facilities, usa consulate information, locations and phone information.

Below you will find an international travel list. These are provided by the U.S. Government for travelers. They are very helpful when traveling to another country.

Information included:
Country Description Entry Requirements
Crime Information Road travel hazards
Medical Facilities Drug Penalties
USA Consulate Locations            Contact Phone Numbers



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Country Profile

On the following pages, you will find information about countries and their profiles:
  • Country Description
  • Entry Requirements
  • Crime Information
  • Road travel hazards
  • Medical Facilities
  • Drug Penalties
  • Country Profile, USA Consulate Locations
  • Contact Phone Numbers




European Countries

Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area, covering about 10,400,000 square kilometres (4,010,000 sq mi) or 2.0% of the Earth's surface. The only continent smaller than Europe is Australia. Europe includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies and territories.

In terms of population, it is the third-largest continent (after Asia and Africa) with a population of some 690,000,000 or about 11% of the world's population. However, the term continent can refer to a cultural and political distinction or a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europe's precise borders, area, and population.

In exacting geographic definitions, Europe is really not a continent, but part of the peninsula of Euroasia which includes all of Europe and Asia. However, it's still widely referred to as a continent. The European continent is separated from Asia by Russia's Ural Mountains, and the Caspian and Black Seas.

Europe's highest point is Mt. Elbrus in European Russia at 18,481 ft (5,633m), just north of the Georgia/Russian border. Europe's lowest point is on the surface of the Caspian Sea, at 92 ft (28m) below sea level.

EU Countries

The European Union (EU) is an intergovernmental union of 27 states. It was established in 1992 by the Treaty on European Union (The Maastricht Treaty).

The EU is one of the largest economic and political entities in the world, with 493 million people and a combined nominal GDP of $13.0 trillion in 2006. The Union is a single market with a common trade policy, a Common Agricultural/Fisheries Policy, and a Regional policy to assist poorer regions.

It introduced a single currency, the euro, adopted by 13 member states. The EU initiated a limited Common Foreign and Security Policy, and a limited Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters.

Important EU institutions and bodies include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the European Central Bank, the European Court of Justice, and the European Parliament. Citizens of EU member states are also EU citizens: they directly elect the European Parliament, once every five years. They can live, travel, work, and invest in other member states (with some restrictions on new member states). Passport control and customs checks at most internal borders were abolished by the Schengen Agreement.

African Countries

Africa, the planet's 2nd largest continent, includes (53) individual countries. It contains the Nile River, the world's longest, and the massive Sahara Desert, the world's largest. The continent's (highest point) is Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania, 19,341ft (5,895m), while the (lowest point) is Lac' Assal in the small country of Djibouti, 512 ft (156m) below sea level.

After Asia, it is the second most populous continent. With more than 900,000,000 people in 61 territories, it accounts for about 14% of the world's human population.

Asian Countries

As the planet's largest continent, Asia covers about 30 percent of the world's landmass and includes (44) countries and assorted islands and/or dependencies.

Significant features of the continent of Asia include the world's tallest mountain, Mt Everest in Nepal (and China), rising to 29,035 ft (8,850m). It also includes the world's lowest point, found in the Dead Sea, Israel/Jordan, at 1,286 ft (392m) below sea level.

In addition, the continent includes the world's most populated countries, China and India; the world's longest coastline, the world's deepest lake; Lake Baykal, and some of the most important rivers on the planet. Asia has three important recognized political divisions: The Middle East, (or West Asia); Southeast Asia (or South Asia); and North Asia countries.

South America

South America is a continent situated entirely in the western hemisphere and mostly in the southern hemisphere.

It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.

As part of the Americas like North America, South America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, who was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a New World unknown to Europeans.

South America has an area of 17,840,000 km� (6,890,000 sq mi), or almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. Its population is estimated at more than 371,000,000. South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America).

North America

North America is a continent in the Earth's northern hemisphere and in the western hemisphere.

It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by the North Pacific Ocean; South America lies to the southeast, connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama.

It covers an area of about 24,490,000 km� (9,450,000 mi�), about 4.8% of the planet's surface or about 16.4% of its land area.

Its population is estimated at over 514,600,000. It is the third-largest continent in area, following Asia and Africa, and is fourth in population after Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, overlying the South Pole. Situated in the southern hemisphere and largely south of the Antarctic Circle, Antarctica is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.

At 14.4 million km�, Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America; in turn, Europe and Australia are smaller. Some 98% of it is covered by ice which averages at least 1.6 km in thickness.

On average, Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Since there is little precipitation, except at the coasts, the interior of the continent is the largest desert in the world. There are no permanent human residents and Antarctica has never had an indigenous population. Only cold-adapted plants and animals survive there, including penguins, fur seals, mosses, lichens, and many types of algae.

The name Antarctica comes from the Greek antarktikos, meaning "opposite to the Arctic." The first confirmed sighting of the continent is commonly accepted to have occurred in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Mikhail Lazarev and Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen. However, the continent remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and isolated location.

The Antarctic Treaty was signed in 1959 by 45 countries. The treaty prohibits military activities and mineral mining, supports scientific research, and protects the continent's ecozone. Ongoing experiments are conducted by more than 4,000 scientists of many nationalities and with different research interests.

Australia

Australia is a continent comprising:
  • the Australian mainland
  • New Guinea
  • Tasmania
  • and intervening islands, all of which sit on the same continental shelf
These landmasses are separated by seas overlying the continental shelf - the Arafura Sea and Torres Strait between Australia and New Guinea, and Bass Strait between mainland Australia and Tasmania.

When sea levels were lower during the Pleistocene ice age, including the last glacial maximum about 18,000 years ago, the lands formed a single, continuous landmass. During the past ten thousand years rising sea levels overflowed the lowlands and separated the continent into today's low-lying semi-arid mainland and the two mountainous islands of New Guinea and Tasmania.

Geologically the continent extends to the edge of the continental shelf, so the now-separate lands can still be considered a continent. New Zealand is not on the same continental shelf and so is not part of the continent of Australia but is part of the wider region known as Australasia.